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The Predator Trap: How to rescue trapped Lions

May 2416, 2019

The African lion conjures up images of majestic white-maned predators ruling the savannah, the king of the beasts roaring loud or stalking its hapless prey in the tall grass. But for many Panthera Leos, the reality is much less glamorous.

Tambako The Jaguar

While some lion cubs are bred ethically in legitimate conservation programmes, many others are severely mishandled. Many of these poor farmed lions are ultimately destined for paid hunting. Here, a ‘professional hunter’ with enough money can pay to shoot an impotent, purpose-bred young lion at a private game reserve or farm. He or she will then usually proudly pose next to the dead animal and claim its carcass as a trophy before its expired bones are exported for medicine the Far East.

Canned Lion Hunting

While the African lion is revered in most African cultures, they have been shot at, hunted, exploited and mistreated from Kenya to the Cape since colonial times. But in past decades, thanks to their low numbers (less than 20,000 in the wild, with a 75% decline in populations overall) and strong conservation protections, private breeding facilities and ‘canned killing’ have emerged as a lucrative alternative, resulting in a small but powerful industry lobby group.

On canned hunting farms, young lions are ripped from their mothers as cute young cubs, mistreated and kept in tight enclosures until they are released into a larger compound, only to be cruelly gunned down or shot with an arrow while trapped in a baited cage. Throughout their short lives they are often poorly fed and suffer high levels of stress – and they almost always end up pale and emaciated before meeting their unfortunate end.

Strong Opposition to Canned Lion Hunting

Ironically, given its proud natural heritage, strong efforts in sustainable tourism and its renown as a travel destination, with more than 200 farms South Africa is one of the places where this kind of canned hunting is the most problematic.

So widespread is the practice that a recent report by the South African Parliament’s Portfolio Committee on Environmental Affairs (PCEA) damned predator breeding and in particular lion breeding farms in the country. Encompassing an open forum for debate, the study brought together everyone strongly against this ‘hunting industry’ well as its adamant backers.

Despite the protestations of the so-called ‘hunting industry’ supporters, the report concluded that predator breeding is unethical and a blight on the country’s tourism sector. Lion hunting in South Africa was also condemned for a litany of malpractices, including violating animal welfare laws, breaking moral and ethical codes, poor regulation, encouraging wild animal trafficking to replenish the gene pool, having little or no conservation value and playing a major contribution in tarnishing South Africa’s image internationally.

Unsurprisingly, supported by the likes of the Endangered Wildlife Trust and the Born Free Foundation, the Captive Breeding of Lions for Hunting and Lion Bone Trade report called for the practice to be reviewed – with the aim of ending it as soon as possible.

Of course, those in support objected South Africa’s own DEA (Department of Environmental Affairs) argued that the so-called industry, especially the lion breeding farms, is a sustainable model for using national resources and contributed jobs and tax revenue to the economy, a viewpoint predictably supported by the largest hunters associations in South Africa.

So, while several influential members of the South African government and society are pushing to scrap the practice of canned lion hunting and squash its sordid, greedy supporters, it remains to be seen which side will be victorious. Given the state of the country’s politics and finances, while it seems unlikely to change in the near future one can only hope – or even better take action (see below).

Thankfully, while the practice does exist in other parts of Africa, it is much less prevalent. Nevertheless, in Zimbabwe in 2015 an American hunter shot and killed a wild lion. His victim just happened to be a collared alpha male called Cecil, who was famous as a tourist attraction in the country. When Cecil’s death was deemed by the Zim authorities to be a legal hunt, it caused an international uproar and more fortunately perhaps, focused much attention on the plight of his species around the world.

This resulted in a raft of new l